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Gratis Lessen

Grammar 1 – How to use‘de’

In Chinese, there are three  ‘de’s which carry different grammatical functions: 的、得 and 地.  Even many advanced learners might still get confused when using them. Here I summarized the usage of them briefly:

1. 的                  description + 的 + noun

– possession:  我的书 (wǒ de shū, my book) 、爸爸的车 (bàba de chē, Dad’s car)

– description of a noun (的 ‘de’ can be preceded by an adjective or by a sub-clause):

红色的书 (róngsè de shū, red book)、爸爸买的车 (bàba mǎi de chē, the car that Dad bought)

2. 得                 verb + 得 +description

– description of a verb (得 ‘de’ is preceded by a verb and can be followed by a adverb, an adjective or other phrases)

跑得快 (pǎo de kuài, run fast)  、 紧张得睡不着 ( jǐnzhāng de shuì bù zháo, so nervous that can not sleep)

3. 地                adverb + 地 +verb

– description of an action (地  ‘de’ is used between an adverb and a verb)

慢慢地走 (màn man de zǒu, walk slowly) 、大声地笑 (dàshēng de xiào, laugh loudly)

Is it clearer now? And you need more exercises of course.

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Pronunciation 1 – How to pronounce the ‘r’

Many people told me that it is not easy to pronounce the ‘r’ in pinyin, especially if the Chinese ‘r’ is very different from their first language.

Here, I have a tip for you. If you can pronoun ‘zh’, ‘ch’ or ‘sh’, you can pick one of them, for example ‘sh’, and pronoun it as long as possible:

Then you will find that the last part of the very long ‘sh’ is the same as the pronunciation of ‘r’:

Hope this is helpful to you! Learn Chinese with Meiyi!

New Practical Chinese reader-Lesson 15 PPT


Grammar about 把 (ba)